Boulder County Adds BIKE MAY USE FULL LANE sign to westbound Lee Hill Drive one of the most dangerous mountain roads for bikes (11/2021).
Boulder county has added a “Bikes may use full lane” sign to the westbound lane of Lee Hill Drive, this is one of the most dangerous mountain roads for bikes according to their own study and directly conflicts with Colorado state bike law § 42-4-1412.
When bikes are going uphill are doing 2-5 MPH on average while cars are doing 20+ MPH the county has now made the road even MORE DANGEROUS than before by stating that bikes can be in the middle of the road on all sections of Lee Hill drive including the blind right turns. They also still state that bikes need to be single file on this road meaning they can all be single file in the middle of the road as one example of inconsistent and dangerous messaging for both bikes and cars!
State bike law § 42-4-1412. Operation of bicycles and other human-powered vehicles:
Persons riding bicycles or electrical assisted bicycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two abreast except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.
Persons riding bicycles or electrical assisted bicycles two abreast shall not impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic and, on a laned roadway, shall ride within a single lane.
Boulder County blind right turn acknowledgement (10/2020)
BikesBeSafe and Cyclist 4 Community are working together with Boulder County to properly identify the most dangerous areas on Lee Hill Drive so they can address and budget the work required to make this road as safe as possible for both Bikes and Vehicles. Given the budget limitations of Boulder County we have marked these areas so the county can assess the cost, timeline and obtain public input so this is handled correctly and in an established timeframe that addresses the serious nature of this issue for the safety of the community. This map represents an on-site and drive meeting on Lee Hill Drive we had during the summer of 2020 with the county:
The blind right uphill turns are the most dangerous sections on this road since there is no where for the bikes to safely ride and cars cannot see the bikes until they are right on them. Bikes doing 3 MPH and cars doing 30 MPH, I worry when an accident will occur, if it's me in my car then the possibility of killing someone and ruining their family's life and me losing everything from being sued and living with the guilt is too much to handle. Why won't the county do something about this for the safety of everyone involved?!
The road is too dangerous - a serious or fatal accident with a biker at this point seems to me to be more of an inevitability, rather than a possibility. I'm a biker myself, and I would never ride up or down lee hill or Deer Trail... I'll stick to Lefthand.
I attended a meeting on the addition of the bike lane at the bottom of Lee Hill. At that time, adding a bike lane over Lee Hill was in the 5 year plan. I cringed. Pointed out that downhill lanes were not necessary because of the speed bicyclists travel down hill (having one pass me at 55+)
On the drive up westbound last Friday (before any rain), I counted no less than 15 places where the right shoulder and the white line were fully covered in gravel or rocks. That's 15 places that cyclists are forced out into traffic even if they otherwise are trying to use the miniscule shoulder that exists. And we all know how long it had been since we had appreciable rainfall.
Perhaps more-frequent sweeping of the shoulder would be a reasonable mitigation for the county to provide.
There are signs that say that both Lee Hill and Old Stage are single file for bikes. It doesn’t appear that the cyclists read them or believe them. We need enforcement for safety.
I wish drivers would appreciate the cyclists and be patient! Frequently, going downhill, cyclists can be faster than cars. We love seeing all the cyclists many of whom are world class athletes who compete around the world
I often wonder why cyclists tend to take over the entire downhill lane immediately after passing Deer Trail on their right. Sometimes they are going faster than any cars and sometimes they are not. I find this situation to be extremely dangerous and definitely not one of “sharing the road” by cyclists.
There is an especially dangerous section of Lee Hill on the downhill lane (EB) at approximately the 4.2 mile marker. Within a span of 2 weeks last month there were two cyclist crashes at the exact location requiring emergency aide. The scary part was the downhill riders both times lost control on road debris and or broken pavement and skidded across both lanes and crashed into the ditch of the up hill lane. The second incident actually took out a cyclist traveling up Lee Hill in the west bound uphill lane. It was sheer good fortune for all riders that a car traveling in the uphill lane didn’t hit either rider given the amount of speeding that occurs on Lee Hill on any given day.
More frequent sweeping would be a huge improvement for safety between cars and bikes. Sand and gravel both from winter traction and from runoff create choke points where bikes are forced out into the car lane, often when cars do not expect it.
I was drive from Lefthand Canyon, turned onto Lee Hill, a tight windy corner, just pass the cyclists singe file sign, two cyclists riding side by side, over half way into the lane, didn't even move over into single file until I gave them the courtesy toot, they moved over. On Lee Hill Dr. this is one of the most dangerous, narrow, curvy segments of the road. We all need to obey the rules for safety all.
Sharp twisty turns on steep, narrow roads with bicyclists sharing your lane - just on the other side of each turn is a recipe for death. If I get close to the side of my lane like I should when driving on these roads, I would run over bicyclists daily. I'd rather be hit by an oncoming car cliffside; those are currently my two choices. The bicyclists are riding like they should be per the law, however given the current markings (see above) it causes multiple near-death experiences daily. Luckily I am an excellent driver and I have never been in an accident or experienced fear when driving (just moved here; I have lived in mountains before but without bicyclists). There are at least 20 bicyclists I pass each on my commute; every one of them are dressed in top gear and following their rules and going close to the speed of cars if not matching us. I have seen people pass bicyclists and oncoming traffic have to slam on their breaks too many times to count. There are no guard rails on most of the roads and no place for the bicyclists to go except fall off a cliff after being hit in most parts. If you think I'm kidding, drive it. I am 15 minutes from Boulder central; not in the boondocks. These are top bicyclists from all over the world. These are also people like my fiance who is an avid rider and I have cried every time he wants to go for a ride; he hasn't gone yet after months of living here. He is a community leader, leading business and meditation groups as well as teams successful startup, and I can't let him go for a bicycle ride here. Boulder is supposed to be "The mecca" however with all due respect, the rules of your roads here currently match the "backwards" and all-too-cavalier-about-life attitude of Northern Ireland and West Virginia; when I see lives at stake daily in my own neighborhood daily something's got to be said. If you want residents to not die or bring bad publicity to "the mecca", then please add lanes for the bicyclists.
I have lived above Lee Hill Drive on Deer Trail Road for over 44 years. During this time, bike traffic has increased from an occasional bike encountered to dozens of daily encounters. While may cyclists are safe and courteous, those who aren't endanger lives and cause frustration. Two examples: On countless occasions I have had cyclists descend Lee Hill literally riding on my back bumper. Besides the obvious distraction, it would take only one deer, fawn, turkey or squirrel (all of which have stepped out in front of me at various times) to cause me to hit the brakes without warning. The cyclist would be dead and I would be traumatized (not to mention the effect on the animal) for the rest of my life. Those who travel Lee Hill know that turnouts are few and far between, so quickly getting off the road to let the cyclist pass is a limited option. There is a sign posted at the intersection of Lee Hill and Deer Trail clearly asking cyclists to gather in that particular spot. Last summer, I descended Deer Trail Road, intending to make a right turn onto Lee Hill. A group of three female cyclists was parked/paused in the lane I planned to turn into. I stopped, certain they would move, but they ignored me and continued to talk. That left me with the choice of turning into the lane which could potentially contain uphill, oncoming traffic or waiting.
Happy that there are now climbing lanes at the bottom of Lee Hill BUT still so many cyclists continue to ride 2 or 3 (or more) abreast. I would support more shoulder room for cyclists ONLY IF they learn to obey the laws that are clearly posted.
Cyclists need to learn to obey the laws about riding single file before I would support any more funds being spent to keep them safe.
On many occasions cyclists wil stop at the intersection of Lee Hill Dr and Deer Trail Rd in such a manner as to block traffic making a right turn onto Lee Hill from Deer Trail even though there are signs indicating a place for gathering. Today (10/13/2020) a cyclist was stopped at that corner into the roadway so that to get around him I would have to go into the oncoming lane. I politely asked him to move inward to make the turn easier for all traffic. That resulted in a flurry of F-bombs directed at me and telling me that if I did not own such a big F-in truck he would not need to move. Maybe it's Covid or maybe it is just entitlement that causes this behavior but it is not unique. A while ago, 4 young women were parked at the intersection of Old Stage and Lee Hill on the downhill right corner (southwest) forcing drivers to swing way over into the uphill lane of Lee Hill. Asking them to move a little resulted in a flock of "birds", which seem to be proliferating now a days. In addition, not a safety problem per se, for people living at the top of Deer Trail where the road turns to dirt, cyclists have been using residents yards as a place to go to the bathroom. Toilet paper and, in some cases, feces are being found in large amounts. I suggest that the County consider putting up signs at intersections telling cyclists to not stop and block the road. There are some signs present but they must not be visible to the cyclists. Maybe making areas where they can gather with very prominent signage would help.
Enforce the speed limit first before you change the mountain to accommodate the speeding.
I live near the intersection of Lee Hill and Olde Stage, and pick up my mail at what is a STOP sign on the downhill lane of Olde Stage. On average I'd say less than 50% of cars and less than 10% of cyclists stop. An accident at this location is just a matter of time - the results of a cyclist flying down Olde Stage at 40+ mph hitting a car coming down Lee Hill, or a car turning left to head up Lee Hill, would be rather graphic! I must admit, the traffic flow here is a little confusing - County could do a better job with signage before and at the stop and on the road.
Lee Hill / Olde Stage intersection is an accident waiting to happen
I must say that cars are definitely driving way above the speed limit 90% of the time. A cyclist definitely can outpace a car downhill due to increased maneuverability. In Europe, there is more respect for the cyclist (and groups of). Cars are patient and go around when it is safe. There is so little shoulder going uphill on Lee Hill; there really is no where to go for a cyclist if a car wants to pass and another is flying downhill. Many times LH Road is taken as a quicker drive to Lefthand. Any way to mitigate driver speed? And fair to say there are bikes that fly downhill. I say it is their responsibility to ride safe. Europe does the same. It is unfortunate out society is so litigious...
Patience is key
I haven't had any incidents, but several close calls as a cyclist. I also drive the road occasionally. There are several uphill right turns where the shoulder disappears and cyclists have no choice but to move into the lane. With limited sight distance that's very scary for all involved. If there is oncoming/downhill traffic (either car or another cyclist) then ... disaster. Widening the shoulder, at least on the inside uphill lane, seems like the most obvious solution. If that's not in the cards in the short term, perhaps some signage would help. The signs could remind/warn both cyclists and drivers that bikes might be in the lane. I also think there should be signs on the downhills that bikes are allowed to take the lane. There are several places around Boulder with signs like that but I don't believe there are any outside the city.
Widening the shoulder, at least on the inside uphill lane, seems like the most obvious solution. If that's not in the cards in the short term, perhaps some signage would help. The signs could remind/warn both cyclists and drivers that bikes might be in the lane. I also think there should be signs on the downhills that bikes are allowed to take the lane. There are several places around Boulder with signs like that but I don't believe there are any outside the city.
I strongly support the proposed plan in the feasibility study to widen areas for the blind right hand turns. More frequent sweeping would improve safety for both bikes and cars. Education and enforcement of traffic laws and signs of both cyclists and cars is important to improve safety for all.
I ride Lee Hill Drive often. I wish the County would do something about the blind spots. Very dangerous!
JA (Bike rider)
This is an issue that also impacts other areas of Boulder County, here's a recent incident (approx 5/1/21 on Four Mile Canyon Drive:
Lower Four mile has a LOT of bike traffic, mixed with tight blind turns and people carrying the same speed they were at when turned off Canyon onto Fourmile. No visibility, very tight road with no shoulder, and no way to create a wider road much less a bike lane. I heard someone get hit by a van 2 weeks ago in front of my house by a driver, only to get to a window in time to see that the driver speed up after hitting the cyclist; no time to get a make/model/plate. I'm surprised I haven't seen or heard that more often since there are plenty of runners on the road as well.
AD (Four Mile Canyon Road resident)
As a driver, I am in a state of continuous terror that I’ll hit a cyclist while I am driving up any of those canyons and mountain roads. I cannot imagine why anyone would risk riding a bike in such places. I admire their super human strength and stamina though! So I drive at turtle speed in all those places particularly around those curves. Please be patient when you see me trundling along in my car at the speed of a snail.
I live near the bottom of Lee Hill and I frequently drive and bike Lee Hill and Olde Stage. As a cyclist, I nearly always avoid biking westbound up Lee Hill due to the narrow road and blind turns on steep sections where I would be have hardly any speed. One of the rare times I did cycle westbound up Lee Hill, I had a close call where a motorist traveling eastbound down one of the straight sections decided to pass a cyclist traveling a similar speed. This meant the motorist was traveling towards me head-on in my lane passing within 3 feet of me. My observation has been that vehicles (and often bikes going downhill) travel much faster than the posted 35mph speed limit on the straighter sections of Lee Hill (both up and downhill). Traveling up Olde Stage towards Lefthand is (I feel) safer due to fewer blind turns. However, the road is still very narrow and the grit/sand near the edge makes it so that cyclists can not move as far over to the right when vehicles are coming (I feel this frustrates motorists who may not realize danger the grit/sand poses to cyclists). At the top of Olde Stage by Red Hill Road, I've had to tell other cyclists not to stop on the edge of the road multiple times. There are several places to get completely off the road, but I've been frustrated to see other bikers standing on or over the white line rather than getting completely out of the way. I feel like this is not only dangerous for the cyclist standing on the road to potentially get hit, but I think it increases the danger to every other cyclist on the road by causing increased frustration and reduced patience for the motorist who have to drive around them. I agree with some of the other comments that more signage indicating that a bike may use the full lane may be helpful. As someone who drives up both these roads, I understand it can be annoying to be stuck behind a slower bike going uphill. However, having a bike hugging the line as far to the right as possible is not always the safest solution. This can cause a vehicle to try to squeeze by the bike on a blind turn, and if there is a car coming the opposite direction, would cause either a head-on collision between the two cars or, more likely, cause the passing car to turn back in to their own lane and hit the bike/run them off the road. I'm glad to see investigation is being done on how to make these sections of road better for all users. I understand it can be easy for these types of conversations to degrade to cyclists pointing the finger at motorists for breaking the law by passing too closely, speeding, etc. And for motorists to point the finger at cyclists for breaking the law by not following the posted signs of biking single file, not completely stopping at stop signs, etc. But I hope the outcome of this is a better and safer road for all users. No matter how we are using the road, let's all try to be a little patient and courteous to everyone out on the road.
Lee Hill has become more dangerous due to runoff eroding the shoulder. When will the county fill the shoulder? There is currently a dropoff of up to 10" immediately adjacent to the pavement surface. This makes any slight error by a cyclist attempting to courteously share the road (by cycling on the line) potentially very dangerous.
Beautiful commute back home to Gold Hill on my bike although increased traffic has made it a bit more unsettling. Would love to see these blind spots improved. I also drive it regularly and giving cyclist a bit more room will make it a more enjoyable and a safer drive as well.
I ride Lee Hill multiple times a week, and hearing about a cyclist being struck and killed in the exact route I take is absolutely terrifying. How many more cyclists need to die before we take real action to make roads safe for all users? How many more roads do I need to add to my “dont ride” list?
Boulder County Officials. It is your responsibility to make our roads safer. When Lee Hill was repaved a couple of years ago, we residents believed that the entire road would be widened to make it safer for cyclists. This did not happen. The short stretch from Lee Hill/Olde Stage was not enough. There must be a priority to widen the shoulder, even if by a foot or two. Cars are speeding insanely. Not only do residents use Lee Hill (and Olde Stage) but through traffic has increased for cars going up to Ward & Peak to Peak highway. Many are from out of state. Cars/Trucks are passing drivers on blind turns and double yellows. I have had instances of coming around a blind turn and almost being in a head on collision with a car passing illegally. It is time for action on Lee Hill to stop the speeders. They are dangerous and for what? To get down the hill possibly one to two minutes faster than if going the speed limit? Put in cameras. Then mail out the speeding ticket. We pay taxes. High taxes in Boulder County and the money should be prioritized now to make the roads safer. The weather is perfect for this right now. Additionally, there must be a change to the Stop Sign at Olde Stage and Lee Hill. Most cars do not stop and speed through it. I see a sheriff posted nearby occasionally. There should be a STOP LIGHT here at a minimum and I would suggest a camera to photo the license plate.
"Make Lee Hill safe. NOW"
I echo that what many other cyclists are saying here, but would also like to add something else. A lot of the scares with cars that I have happen when descending these roads. I am a cyclist who obeys road rules, including always staying far in the shoulder — apart from during brief periods while descending. Many cars on Lefthand, Lee Hill and Olde Stage don’t realize that us cyclists are fully within our right to come out into the lane when descending through corners. If you’re descending 35 mph, the safest thing to do is to come out into the corner through the apex of the turn and there are signs on Lefthand indicating that this is permissible (“cyclists may use full lane”). I ALWAYS look over my shoulder before going out into the lane and obviously don’t go if there’s a car there, and go right back to right when I’m through the turn. However even so, I’ve been honked at and yelled at for being in the apex of a corner when a car comes screeching by going way over the speed limit (the speed limit that I’m likely following if I’m descending.) The other terrifying thing that happens is cars will come up and sit on my wheel at way too close of a distance. I’m fully aware that if I were to crash I’d be run over. Cars, please follow at a safe distance. If a cyclist crashes while descending, you shouldn’t be so close that you would hit them. Sharing the road with cyclists in a safe way is not a courtesy — it is a matter of life or death for us.
Let's start with more enforcement of the current laws and regulations. Bikes in single file. When stopped, bikes not infringing on road space (as if the foothill roads are their own recreational area). Over time, there has been incremental permissiveness (or acceptance) regarding risky behavior by both cars and bikes. A prime example, a severe accident waiting to happen, is just past the stop sign at Old Stage and Lee Hill. Far too many bicyclists seem willing to take the risk and fly through the stop sign, most likely in excess of the speed limit.
"Reduce risk, follow the laws and regulations of biking in the foothills"
We need to stop using the term "blind corner" it is a corner that people drive through too fast for conditions present violating Colorado basic speed law, blind infers it is the road design fault when a driver comes around a corner too fast to see, react, stop/avoid a collision and hits something/someone in the road. Speaking of "collision," we need to stop using the term accident, and accident is a tire blowing out or a deer jumping out of the bushes. A crash or collision can be due to; intent which is assault or murder (think Show Low, AZ). Or it can be due to willful negligence like choosing to pay attention to your phone while driving or driving too fast for conditions present (sun in the eyes, "blind" corners), or in scarce instances, a crash can be an accident. Still, again, those are rare and should be up to the determination of a crash investigator and judge/jury. Local law enforcement vehicles could help and change accident investigation to crash or collision investigation. As for the right of way improvements in the hills, a few things need to change. "Single file on [insert road name]" combined with "far to the right as practicable" on roads without a viable bike lane creates a situation that invites motorists to attempt an unsafe pass because the road is too narrow for the motorist to give people on bikes 3' and not cross the centerline. In this situation, the driver chooses to pass buzzing the cyclist and/or crossing over the centerline on a corner where they do not have the visibility to do so safely. Examples:
Recommendations: On approach to corners on roads without a viable bike lane/shoulder have regulatory BMUFL (Bike May Use Full Lane) signage with the addition "Wait Till Clear to Pass." On approach to those same corners have Super Sharrows. On downhills also have the above because most of the time, bikes are going as fast as the motorist, and the same situation arises. If the above condition is happing simultaneously for both uphill and downhill traffic on the same corner, it will be a massacre. I have witnessed this situation a few times, and they were inches from a messy collision involving multiple bikes and cars. As for Lee Hill at Wagonwheel: A three-way stop sign would probably be ignored or treated more like a yield for many motorists. Green Skip Striping and a motion-activated (by downhill traffic) Rapid Flashing Beacon could be beneficial. Carson Blume Cycling and Automotive Industry Photographer Bike Law Ambassador Founding Director at Large at Ride Redding Incubator of Redding Trail Alliance & Redding High School MTB Composite Team Distracted Driver, TBI & Seizure Survivor
Close the road to recreational cycling (only permitted residents). Close the road to vehicles (only permitted residents). Effectively make it a private road. Roads are not gymnasiums. The state law to allow cycling anywhere anytime was to encourage commuting, not playing in the street. The basis of transportation safety engineering is to separate different modes of transport. The shoulder of a road is there for the safety of the cars. It does not become a bike line by calling it one. If you want to play in the street, need to accept the consequences.
"Roads are not gymnasiums"
Have had near head-on collisions twice with speeding motorists who were unsafely passing in the opposite direction. A wider bike lane would give me somewhere to ride such that these head on incidents would not be as likely. Additionally it reduces the need for motorists to cross over the yellow line in order to overtake (although one of the incidents was a motorist passing another motorist). I don't find the blind rights particularly scary and a wider bike lane/shoulder might not help with those anyway because motorists seem to hug the inside of the pavement regardless of where you draw the white line. The recent death at wagon wheel could not have been prevented by bike lanes but perhaps some flashing lights might help (like on Nelson at 63rd, although I'd like to see many more flashing lights not just one).
A few months ago I posted "Lee Hill / Olde Stage intersection is an accident waiting to happen". Well, I got it wrong, the tragic accident happened one intersection downhill. Will anything change this time? Perhaps the ghost bicycle will encourage both drivers and cyclists to act more defensively, and to slow down. Perhaps our county will take some action this time. It's time to ENFORCE speed limits throughout our narrow canyon roads. It's time to make the "optional" stop sign at Lee Hill and Olde Stage a real STOP. A well-placed traffic / speed enforcement camera could raise some serious funds for road improvements and better signage.
"Why is everyone in such a hurry?"
This morning, 9/8/21, at approximately 7:45 am a group of 15-20 cyclists who were descending Olde Stage ran the stop sign at Lee Hill and Olde Stage. Most did so at full speed. I was traveling in my car up Olde Stage at the very moment this occurred. This is not the first time I have seen this happen. The WMV (Wednesday Morning Velo) ride is the most likely group that was involved. I used to be a part of this ride and know that many of the folks involved are seasoned cyclists and solid citizens. To see this type of flagrant violation of traffic signs and risky riding is disheartening at best. This group, IMHO, should be setting the standard for safe riding and respectful behavior.
I live on Olde Stage Road and travel Lee Hill daily. I have witnessed accidents between cars and bikes more than I care to share, including being at home to hear the horrible recent accident. Here are the areas that I feel desperately need attention. 1. Enforcement of speed limits. I have not seen any attempt by law enforcement to deal with speeding cars and bikes. The speed limit may is posted clearly but why does the county not enforce speed limits? This would seem to be a easy thing to do and would address one of the root causes of the dangerous situation we see daily here. Just yesterday I was driving 35 up Lee Hill and got passed by a car going 50 mph who went over the double yellow line to do so. 2. Clear speed limits. As you approach Dakota Ridge on Lee Hill going downhill there are a series of very confusing speed limit signs. There is sign indicating an upcoming cross walk with a 25mph posting. Just past this sign there is a 30mph speed limit sign. Which is it? Please take a look at this. I suggest a 25mph zone before the trailhead. 3. Enforce the stop sign at Lee Hill and Olde Stage Road for both cars and bikes. While stopped at this stop sign I am consistently passed by bikes who cross the yellow line and blow through the stop sign. In my humble opinion widening roads and providing clear signage will help to a degree and I encourage these efforts. That being said, unless there is consistent enforcement of speed limits, and stop signs, for both cars and bikes more carnage will result. The county bears responsibility here and I sincerely hope there are efforts made to protect public safety.
"There is a lack of enforcement of speed limits and stop signs on Lee Hill and Olde Stage Road. Let's start there."
(Biker & Car)
"Group ride blowing stop sign at Lee Hill and Olde stage.... Again"
"There is a lack of enforcement of speed limits and stop signs on Lee Hill and Olde Stage Road. Let's start there."
I live on Olde Stage Road and over the last year or so the road has descended into chaos and lawlessness. We have the road bikers who spent most of last summer thinking the temporary lights didn’t apply to them, riding directly towards cars on one lane sections when it wasn’t their turn. The road bikers are constantly running the stop sign at Lee Hill and OSR at full speed. They ride 2-3 up and they hang out in the middle of the road at the top of the hill. Then we have the mountain bikers who are driving by to get to the canyon, going 45 or 50 on our road. They seem to think it’s fun to drive as close as possible to people getting their mail. I’ve had them flip me off while I’m at my mailbox, scream at me, and try to intimidate me with their cars while I’m pushing my son in a stroller. We have deer getting hit and dying in our yard at an alarming rate. There are beer cans and shooters all along the road. The county has completely abdicated responsibility here and allowed this road to become incredibly dangerous for everyone on it.
Olde Stage Road Reconstruction & Climbing Lane (2022). This is a great project that was completed 10/22, reach out to the county so they do the same level of study and work on Lee Hill Road. Since this is an expensive project (Est. $1,000,000 a mile) we have proposed to the county that they widen the 8-10 West and East bound blind right turns which amounts to approx 800-1000 feet in total.